MRCCA riverfront protections update: You made a difference!

by Colleen O'Connor Toberman
Foreground: a grassy field in autumn. Background: St. Paul downtown buildings

St. Paul is about to adopt a new ordinance to guide riverfront development, enhance wildlife habitat and help protect special places such as the Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary.

Cities throughout the Mississippi River Corridor Critical Area (MRCCA) have started the process of adopting their new MRCCA ordinances. These ordinances will strengthen environmental protections and guide development along the Mississippi River for years to come. (Never heard of MRCCA? Check out our introduction.)

Here's an update on what Minneapolis, St. Paul and other cities have done so far.

Minneapolis' new ordinance

The Minneapolis city council and mayor approved the city's MRCCA ordinance in December; the ordinance is now awaiting state approval from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. We're pleased that the first adopted MRCCA ordinance is such a strong ordinance, setting a great example for other communities to follow.

FMR recommended several changes throughout the ordinance development process, as did our fellow advocates and River Guardians. Your advocacy made a difference! The city adopted most of the changes we requested. Overall, the city's ordinance is excellent and exceeds state minimum standards in notable ways.

Better for birds

One of the changes we were most eager to see was the addition of bird protections, such as bird-safe lighting and glass.

Many people joined FMR's call for these requirements, including 120 River Guardians who contacted their city councilmembers. The city planning commissioners and councilmembers agreed that it's important to add special bird protections along the crucial Mississippi River flyway

Thanks to your advocacy, the new ordinance has several improvements for bird safety, including an entire section on lighting standards.

Light pollution poses a navigational challenge and safety risk to migrating birds. The new ordinance requires actions shown to help during migration seasons, such as: reducing unneeded lighting (such as decorative uplighting), shielding lighting downwards, and turning off some lighting.

More to come in Minneapolis

However, Minneapolis leaders agree with us that there is more work to be done to improve bird safety. They also respected staff requests for more time to work out the details of these additional requirements.

The council and planning commission directed staff to bring forward a recommendation for requirements related to bird-safe building materials, bird-safe lighting and bird-friendly vegetation management in the Critical Area by May 2021.

We anticipate the city amending its MRCCA ordinance later this year to include even more bird-safe requirements. We'll continue working with city staff and leaders throughout this process and will alert our River Guardians if there are opportunities to weigh in. 

This is a terrific advocacy success! Not only will our state's biggest riverfront city have new science-based provisions that reduce harm to wildlife and promote safe passage for species with whom we share this land, but Minneapolis' leadership will encourage other cities to do the same.

The Great Crested Flycatcher is among the 270 bird species who depend on safe passage along the Twin Cities Mississippi River flyway. (Photo by John Soucheray for FMR)

St. Paul's public process begins soon

St. Paul is right on Minneapolis' heels. The capital city plans to begin the public comment process for its MRCCA ordinance within the next two to three months. 

While the draft ordinance isn't officially available for public comment yet, city staff have generously shared their working versions with us. Based on what we've seen so far, we hope to see these key changes to the ordinance:

  • Add bird protections. We hope St. Paul and other cities consider adopting good standards like those that Minneapolis has already put in place or the state B3 building guidelines.
  • Include a strategy to encourage building heights (in some areas) to step down in height as they approach the river, creating a welcoming sense of scale and relationship to the river while preserving views and sightlines. The state requires cities to prioritize tiered building heights in some parts of the Critical Area, but St. Paul does not have a clear guideline in place yet to actualize that.

When the public comment period opens, we'll let our St. Paul members and River Guardians know. We'll host a virtual workshop to review the ordinance, answer your questions and share how you can weigh in.

What's happening in your city?

There are 25 cities and townships adopting their MRCCA ordinance over the next 2-3 years. Newport and Ravenna will be adopting their ordinances in the coming weeks (see our comments on Newport's ordinance or contact us if you'd like to see our comments on Ravenna's ordinance when they are completed). Other cities anticipated to adopt their ordinances in early 2021 include Brooklyn Center and Fridley.

Check out our full list of MRCCA communities to see when they'll begin their work. Or sign up to become a River Guardian and we'll let you know when your city’s process is underway.

For more information

Explore our videos, interactive maps and other resources that explain the MRCCA ordinance from A to Z.

Contact FMR River Corridor Program Director Colleen O'Connor Toberman,, 651.222.2193 x29.